Curriculum Glossaries

Glossary of Terminology

Subject Art Key Stage 1 and 2






Example in context



As an Element of Art, form denotes something that is three-dimensional and encloses volume; having length, width, and height, versus shape, which is two-dimensional, or flat. A form is a shape in three dimensions and, like shapes, can be geometric or organic.

The form of the sculpture was round and smooth.


Space can be positive (white or light) or negative (black or dark), open or closed, shallow or deep and two-dimensional or three-dimensional.

Negative space is the space that surrounds an object in an image. Just as important as that object itself, negative space helps to define the boundaries of positive space and brings balance to a composition.



A multidisciplinary artist has a wide knowledge-base that is deeply invested in range of materials, how those materials are used together, and the processes inherent to those materials.

The specialist skill of an artist.

Cross hatching

Crosshatching is the drawing of two or more layers of hatching at right-angles to create a mesh-like pattern.


Uses fine parallel lines drawn closely together to create the illusion of shade or texture in a drawing.

In any one direction.


In art appreciation, the general atmosphere, or state of mind and feelings, that a work of art generates.

For example, the mood of a painting could be disturbing or tranquil, dark or energetic.


To give one’s opinion.

Give opinion or view.


 the art or process of making a composite picture by bringing together into a single composition a number of different pictures or parts of pictures and arranging these, as by superimposing one on another, so that they form a blended whole while remaining distinct. a picture so made.

Use materials or images to make a larger image or picture.

Tertiary colours

The colour between primary and secondary

Primary colours

Red, yellow, blue.

Colours that can’t be made by mixing


Secondary colours

Orange, purple, green. Made by combining the primary colours.

Mix the primary colours together

So red and yellow makes orange



Touching and texture.

Makes you want to feel the material, object.


The way objects appear to diminish in size the further away they get.

If you look down the street the house closest to you looks the biggest and the one at the end of the street looks small even though they are the same size.


Different groups of artists.

When people follow a certain style of art. E.g. Pointillism, Cubism, Pop Art.


A nonrepresentational image

Creating an image that doesn’t represent anything.


A watercolour effect

To wet the paper, to make the paint blend together.



Glossary of Terminology

Subject: Computing







 Example in context


Steps to follow to achieve a task.

An algorithm is a set of instructions to make something happen.


A computer program used to access the World Wide Web.

Open your browser and search for …


A device that takes input, processes it then produces output.

A computer is not just a laptop, ipad etc. A computer can be anything which requires an input, processing and an output.


A device that joins a group of computers together.


Data processed and/or presented to users in a meaningful way. For example, a large list of numbers is meaningless unless it is presented as, say, the ages of pupils in a class.

Use computing, to provide information about the ages of pupils in your class.


A method of computers receiving data (e.g. keyboard, mouse, touch, sensors, etc.)

Which items could be inputted to a computer?


A network of connected computers

Use the internet to find…


A group of computers that are connected (including the internet)



A response made by computers to the user. (e.g. audio, visual, motion)


What comes out of a computer device?


Finding and using repetition

A repeated sequence.


Instructions written in language computers can understand.

Write a set of instructions on how to use a …..


Instructions that can be repeated until a condition is met – i.e a loop

Use repeated instructions to navigate a robot out of the classroom.


Finding data that satisfies conditions.

Open google and search for …..


A set of instructions that are followed in order.


Computer programs and applications.

List as many software programs as you can.


Names given to things we want the computer to store. E.g. scores

Web server

A computer connected to the Internet that provides access to websites

Find the webserver name used at Moorside.

Web site

A collection of web pages

Review a website which is good for…


World Wide Web (WWW)


All of the web pages on the internet, accessed using a web browser


Devices that are connected without wires or cables. They communicate via radio waves.

How many wireless devices can you think of?



Glossary of Terminology

Subject: Design and Technology

Glossary of Terminology

Subject French Key Stage 2







 Example in context


A place or a thing

Une maison (a house)

Un enfant ( a child)


An action word

An action word.


A describing word

Un chat noir (A black cat)


A word to describe the verb

La femme marche lentement (The girl walked slowly)


The study of the way the sentences of a language are constructed

Les enfants jouaient



A variety of a language that is distinguished from other varieties of the same language by features of phonology, grammar, and vocabulary.

Metropolitan French (spoken in Paris)

In Europe outside France there are Belgian FrenchSwiss French, and in Italy Aostan French. In Canada, French is an official language along with English; the two main dialects of French in Canada are Quebec French and Acadian French,


A mark indicating stress

Mon  père


A degree of prominence of a syllable within a word and sometimes of a word within a phrase.

J’ai arrivée aujourd’hui.

(I arrived today)


A mark indicating stress

Une tête ( a head)


A noting or pertaining to a member of the category of number found in many languages that indicates that a word form has one referent or denotes one person, place, thing.

Le table (the table)

La cuisine (the kitchen)

Un crayon (a pencil)

Une chaise (a chair)


A noting or pertaining to a member of the category of number, found in many languages, indicating that a word has more than one referent.

Les tables (the tables)



Noting or pertaining to the gender of French.

Un stylo (a pen)


Noting or pertaining to the gender of French.

Une règle (a ruler)




Glossary of Terminology

Subject - Geography Key Stage 1/Key Stage 2







 Example in context


A group of countries

Europe is made up of lots of countries and this is a continent.

Human geography

Anything that has been put there or changed by people.

Human geography in Newcastle - Buildings, roads and bridges

Physical geography

Anything that is there naturally.

Rivers, forests, hills, coast line etc.


A line that separates the northern and southern hemisphere.

A pretend line that goes around the earth that separates earth into two equal parts.


The part of the land adjoining or near the sea.

Beach or cliffs e.g. in the north east we have Whitley Bay, Tynemouth, South Shields.


A low area of land between hills or mountains, typically with a river or stream flowing through it.

The lowest part between two mountains. Think about the bottom of a letter ‘U’.


Plants considered collectively, especially those found in a particular area or habitat.

Big areas of the same or similar plants such as rainforests.


Each of the four divisions of the year (spring, summer, autumn, and winter) marked by particular weather patterns and daylight hours, resulting from the earth's changing position with regard to the sun.

Spring, summer, autumn and winter. Lots of differences in the weather. E.g. summer is hotter because the part of the earth where it is summer tilts closer to the sun.


A town or city with a harbour or access to navigable water where ships load or unload.

Where the river meets the sea.


A place on the coast where ships may moor in shelter, especially one protected from rough water by piers, jetties, and other artificial structures.

Somewhere ships can park.


An instrument containing a magnetized pointer which shows the direction of magnetic north and bearings from it.

Helps give directions.


Existing, happening, or operating in the air.

Seeing something from above – a photograph or map.


An object or feature of a landscape or town that is easily seen and recognized from a distance, especially one that enables someone to establish their location.

Features of a town/city – Newcastle have the Angel of the North, the Tyne bridge, the monument.


The surroundings or conditions in which a person, animal, or plant lives or operates.

The space around us, were we live.

Geographical regions

Areas that are broadly divided by physical characteristics (physical geography), human impact characteristics (human geography), and the interaction of humanity and the environment (environmental geography). A region has its own nature that could not be moved.

Areas split by human and physical geography.

Topographical features

A detailed map of the surface features of land.

How flat or how hilly an area is – mountains, rivers, lakes and valleys.

Land – use patterns

Land use involves the management and modification of natural environment or wilderness into built environment such as settlements and semi-natural habitats such as arable fields, pastures, and managed woods.

How nature has been changed by humans so that it can be used.


The angular distance of a place north or south of the earth's equator, or of the equator of a celestial object, usually expressed in degrees and minutes.

How far North or South somewhere is from the equator.


The angular distance of a place east or west of the Greenwich meridian, or west of the standard meridian of a celestial object, usually expressed in degrees and minutes.

How far east or West somewhere is from the Greenwich Meridian.

Northern hemisphere

The Northern Hemisphere is the half of Earth that is north of the equator.

The half of the equator in the North.

Southern Hemisphere

The Southern Hemisphere is the half sphere of Earth which is south of the equator.

The half of the equator in the South.

Tropics of Cancer

The Tropic of Cancer also referred to as the Northern Tropic. It is the most northerly circle of latitude on the Earth at which the Sun can be directly overhead.

Imaginary line between the arctic and the equator.

Tropics of Capricorn

Its Southern Hemisphere counterpart, marking the most southerly position at which the Sun can be directly overhead, is the Tropic of Capricorn.

Imaginary line between the Antarctic and the equator.

Arctic circle

Imaginary circle around the Earth about three-quarters of the way from the equator to the North Pole. North of this line is the “Land of the Midnight Sun,” where the sun never sets on the summer solstice.

The northern part of the world in sun most of the day in summer and in darkness for most of the day in winter.

Antarctic circle

The Antarctic Circle is the most southerly of the five major circles of latitude that mark maps of the Earth.

The southern part of the world in sun most of the day in summer and in darkness for most of the day in winter.

Prime/Greenwich Meridian

Greenwich meridian, imaginary line used to indicate 0° longitude that passes through Greenwich, a borough of London, and terminates at the North and South poles.

A pretend line that cuts the earth in the middle between east and west. This is how we know the times of all of the countries.


A large naturally occurring community of flora and fauna occupying a major habitat, e.g. forest or tundra.

Tropical rainforests, woodland, deserts


Tundra is the vast treeless plain in the Arctic region between the icecap and the tree line.

The last bits of vegetation before you get to permanent ice.

Climate Zones

Divisions of the Earth's climates into general climate zones according to average temperatures and average rainfall. The three major climate zones on the Earth are the polar, temperate, and tropical zones.

How hot or cold a place is depending on where it is in the world.

Vegetation belts

Plant life as a whole within a certain area.

Example: Woodland

Economic activity

What a country does to make its own money.

One country selling what it is good at or what they produce.

Trade links

How countries buy and sell goods between each other.

Import – bring in to the country

Export – Take out of the country


The friendships countries make with each other.

Ordnance survey maps

A map containing key features of an area including names and symbols.

All the natural features of an area e.g. height of a hill.


Glossary of Terminology

Subject History Key Stage EYFS / KS1 







 Example in context


A custom or belief that has been passed on from one generation to another.

Who is in your family?

Who do you live with?


The fact that people or things look the same

How are you different to your friend?

Do you look the same?



A way showing things or people are not the same

Do you look different?

How are you different?


A group of people having a particular characteristic in common

Who helps us around school?

How do they help us?


Something that has happened already

When is your birthday?

How do you celebrate your birthday?

What did you do in the holidays?

Where did you go in the holidays?


Something that is happening now

Today we are going to…

What do we need to do now?


Something that is going to happen

Tomorrow we will be going to…

On your birthday next year you will be…



Glossary of Terminology

Subject Music Key Stage: EYFS/KS1








Example in context


Relative loudness

Piano (p) meaning quiet

Forte (f) meaning loud


the speed at which a passage of music is or should be played.

Is it played fast or slow?


a strong, regular repeated pattern of sound

Can you copy this rhythm?


a musical or vocal sound with reference to its pitch, quality, and strength:

The tone is the sound that is made which is described by its pitch, quality (muffled or clear sound and strength (hushed, powerful)


the quality of a sound governed by the rate of vibrations producing it; the degree of highness or lowness of a tone:

Could you make a high sound on your instrument or with your voice? Can you make a low sound?


The pulse is the beat or groove of a piece of music. In popular music it is usually derived from the bass or drums.

Can you bob your head or tap your feet to the music?


A minimum of two voices sing exactly the same melody in unison but with each voice starting at different times.

E.g. singing Frere Jacques where group two starts from the beginning when group one has sung first line.


A musical part that supports an instrument, voice or group.

Can you sing and tap the drum at the same time.


The atmosphere or feeling to a piece of music

How does this piece of music make you feel?

‘elements of music’

Rhythm, melody, harmony, pitch- what music comprises of.

What is the pitch, tone, rhythm like?

Melodic patterns/ Sequences of sounds/Rhythmic phrases and patterns

Repeating pattern used in any scale


Can you repeat these sounds?



Glossary of Terminology

Subject Music Key Stage: 2







 Example in context


Creating a piece of music

Can you compose a piece of music in the style of John Williams?


Group of musicians who perform together

E.g. school choir / samba band


How different instruments sound different to each other even when playing the same note.

E.g. a guitar playing an A sounds different to a piano playing an A.


How a piece of music is set-out. E.g. movements, verses, choruses, repetition.

Popular music is often structured into verses and choruses.

Interrelated dimensions of music

Pitch, duration, dynamics, tempo, timbre, texture, structure and appropriate musical intonations.

See individual definitions in KS1 or KS2 glossary.

Aural memory

Ability to remember music related information such as melodic content and other progressions of tones or pitches.

E.g. Playing a few notes on a tuned instrument and asking children to sing it back.


Set of 5 horizontal lines and 4 spaces that each represent a different musical pitch.



Musical notations

System to visually represent orally perceived music played with instruments.

Bass and treble cleff

These are found at the beginning of every staff, they tell you the note that is found on each line or space.


Combination of simultaneous sounded musical notes to produce a pleasing effect.

Split class into two groups who sing different parts which complement each other.


A continuing repeated musical phrase or rhythm.